WE are asked every day: "What is the difference between a No-Salt Conditioner and Salt Based water softener?" In many cases we are led to believe both work the same, and the only difference is that one doesn't use salt. This really isn't true so here's the scoop...
Let's take a look at how this system works. Water Softening by definition is REMOVING Calcium and Magnesium from the water through a process called ion exchange using a polymer resin bed which gives off a sodium particle in exchange for hardness minerals.
A water test would show this type of result - Before treatment 10 grains/gallon, results after treatment 0 grains/gallon. The system works great at removing minerals from the water.
Salt based water softeners use an electronic metered valve mounted atop a fiberglass resin tank that meter water by the gallon and then run a cleaning cycle when the ion resin bed reaches a saturation point. During the cleaning cycle, the electronic valve cycles a series of back flushes to purge the hardness particulates that have been captured from the system and flush them down a drain line. The sodium is also replenished in the resin bed during the cycle and all is ready to go again.
This type of system is great at softening the water; however, it DOES NOT filter your water. In order to drink the water, it is recommended that the homeowner add a Reverse Osmosis system under the sink to remove the sodium.
In the salt-based process above (true water softening), hardness minerals are actually removed from the water. In the salt-free process minerals are retained in the water, but their form is changed so they will not adhere (stick) to surfaces. "Salt free" water softeners are actually not softeners, they are "water conditioners".
Water is processed through a catalytic media using a physical process called Template Assisted Crystallization (TAC). What happens is the hardness minerals are converted to a hardness crystal that is not able to bind to surfaces.
A water test would show this result: Before treatment 10 grains/gallon, result post/treatment 10 grains/gallon. Again, the hardness is still there... just changed so it won't adhere to surfaces. Arizona State University did a study and found this method was 99.6% effective at removing pre-existing calcium deposits.
There is no electrical valve needed on a salt-free system because the system works as a conditioner and never captures anything therefore eliminating the need to purge any minerals.
So, now you are asking yourself: "Okay, now I know the difference in the technology and how it works...but what system will I be happy with?"
Even though both systems are set-up to take care of the water hardness issue of scaling, this is where the difference in the technologies become more apparent.
Salt-Based Water Softeners will give you more of the "slick" feeling of the water in the shower and you will notice the soap creating more bubbles. Other benefits you'll see include keeping brighter colors in your clothes with the abrasive minerals no longer present. Is your skin feeling dry? Are you getting scale build-up on shower doors/glassware? Are your clothes dingy? A salt water softener might be for you.
Salt-Free Water Conditioners create hardness crystals but leave good minerals present in the water. The crystals won't adhere to surfaces so you will see a reduction in scale build up. You may see less soap usage and brighter laundry. The main benefit you receive from a salt free system is the maintenance free aspect. No electricity, no waste water, and no salt/chemicals. Are you getting build-up on shower doors/glassware? Do you NOT like the slick feeling of soft water? Do you not want to deal with any salt/chemicals? Do you not want to carry and store heavy salt/potassium bags? Your best option is salt free technology.
The best way to tell what system you'll be happy with is to have a water analysis done... and we can help you with that!
Call to Schedule Your FREE "No Pressure" Water Analysis & System Needs Assessment. Unlike other companies we do not sell 1 dimensional systems . We custom design your system to fit your family's and home's needs.